A Louisiana Crane Forest: Living in southeast Louisiana; building post-Hurricane Katrina floodwalls in St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana. (© Tom Walsdorf/National Geographic Traveler Photo Contest) National Geographic Travelers Photo Contest
Crinoline c. 1865 (via the Kyoto Costume Institute Archive)
'…In the early 1840s, the crinoline petticoat was developed, originally made of linen and interwoven with horsehair (“crin” in French) to provide enough stiffness for a single petticoat to easily swell out a skirt. In the second half of the 1850s, a cage crinoline was patented that linked together a series of horizontal hoops made out of wire or whalebone. Further progress led to the use of steel hoops, resulting in crinolines that were lightweight and easy to put on or take off. This development led to a sudden trend for massive skirts, which reached their maximum size in the 1860s.'